Substance Abuse & Mental Health Toolkit

INTRODUCTION

Stress, depression, anxiety, chemical dependency, substance abuse, and other mental health conditions and impairments among law students are problems that continue to spark a national dialogue among faculty, administrators, and students. While students enter law school suffering from clinical stress and depression at a rate that mirrors the national average, the rate sharply increases during the first year of law school. Through the duration of their legal education, the rates of law students grappling with substance abuse and mental health problems increase dramatically. If unrecognized and untreated, these issues can carry into their professional careers.

Consider the following from the 2014 Survey of Law Student Well-Being:
- 89.6% of respondents have had a drink of alcohol in the last 30 days.
- 21.6% reported binge drinking at least twice in the past two weeks.
- 20.4% have thought seriously about suicide sometime in their life.
- 6.3% have thought seriously about suicide in the last 12 months.

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History Of Child Psychiatry

How soon can a child go mad?” asked Henry Maudsley in his 1895 textbook The Pathology of Mind, “Obviously not before it has got some mind to go wrong, and then only in proportion to the quantity and quality of mind which it has”, alluding to the widespread belief, even at the end of the 19th century, that children’s minds were not developed and stable enough to be able to show much psychopathology.

The history of child psychiatry—a term that can mean a collection of services, a body of knowledge, and a profession is inextricably linked to the history of childhood; recognising childhood as a distinct period of development is a prerequisite to acknowledging child psychiatry as a discipline (a full chapter, J.9, is dedicated to the history of childhood in this book). Thus, the history of child psychiatry is interlocked with our understanding of development, child-rearing practices, the place of children in society, and with non-medical fields such as juvenile justice and education. For example, some...

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Federal Question, 28 USCA § 1331

CASES ARISING UNDER CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES
---- Substantial constitutional issue, relationship between claim and constitutional issue, cases arising under constitution of United States
Medicare provider had no right to judicial review of reimbursement decision made by provider appeals committee that was established by the fiscal intermediary where the provider did not present a substantial constitutional claim and where it did not question the legality of regulations established by the intermediary or by the Government but only challenged the methods and decision of its own intermediary. U.S. v. Bellevue Hospital, Inc., D.C.Mass.1979, 479 F.Supp. 780. Health 556(1)

CASES ARISING UNDER LAWS OF UNITED STATES
---- Substantial question, relationship between federal law and claim, cases arising under laws of United States Determination of non-profit environmental organization's removed breach of fiduciary duty claim against its sponsor, brought under District of Columbia law, which alleged sponsor was entrusted to manage money received from United States Forest Service (USFS) belonging to the non-profit, and that fiscal sponsorships, by their nature, were relationships

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Public and Private Applications of Video Surveillance and Biometric Technologies

TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND EXPANDINGUSE

In 1997, the California Research Bureau (CRB) examined the potential of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) technology to improve public safety through remote surveillance.

Businesses such as banks were early adopters of CCTV for crime detection and prevention purposes. Our review found that an increasing number of cities, schools and residential districts were deploying CCTV systems. Shortly thereafter, many schools installed CCTV systems in response to violent outbreaks such as at Columbine High School. Now new CCTV technological features, and an urgent need for enhanced public security following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, are leading to a rapidly expanding use of CCTV and a related technology, biometrics. There appears to be considerable public support for this expansion. A Business Weeksurvey conducted a week after the September 11 terrorist attack found that 63 percent of the adults surveyed were in favor of expanded camera surveillance on streets and in public places, and 86 percent were in favor of using facial recognition...

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Serial Murder Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives for Investigators

I. Introduction

Serial murder is neither a new phenomenon, nor is it uniquely American. Dating back to ancient times, serial murderers have been chronicled around the world. In 19th century Europe, Dr. Richard von Krafft-Ebing conducted some of the first documented research on violent, sexual offenders and the crimes they committed. Best known for his 1886 textbook Psychopathia Sexualis, Dr. Kraft-Ebing described numerous case studies of sexual homicide, serial murder, and other areas of sexual proclivity. Serial murder is a relatively rare event, estimated to comprise less than one percent of all murders committed in any given year. However, there is a macabre interest in the topic that far exceeds its scope and has generated countless articles, books, and movies. This broad-based public fascination began in the late 1880s, after a series of unsolved prostitute murders occurred in the Whitechapel area of London. These murders were committed by an unknown individual who named himself “Jack the Ripper” and sent letters to the police claiming to be the killer....

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Restorative Arts II Definitions – Identifying Facial Markings

I. Definitions
A. Bilateral Comparison- This is the study of two sides of the face or feature to note similarities & differences; features can be similar but never identical
B. Bilateral Symmetry- The study of the similarities of the face or feature
C. Bilateral Asymmetry- The study of the differences of the face or feature

i.e. eyes & eyebrows; cheeks; sides of the nose; jaw-line; ears;

Anterior Nares
II. Identifying Facial Markings
A. Classification
1. Natural- Markings that are found on the face at birth
2. Acquired- Markings which occur with age related primarily with the orbital & oral cavities
B. NINE (9) NATURAL FACIAL MARKINGS
1. Philtrum (Superior Labial Groove) – Vertical groove found on the midline of the upper white lip; Has it’s greatest depth & width just above the middle area of the upper red lip (Cupid’s Bow);...

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Organizational Learning in Terrorist Groups and Its Implications for Combating Terrorism

If a terrorist group lacks the ability to learn, its effectiveness in achieving its goals will largely be determined by chance the chance that its members already have the necessary skills to carry out operations and support activities; the chance that its current tactics are effective against desirable targets and against current antiterrorism measures; and the chance that shifts made by the group will prove to be beneficial. Similarly, in a dynamic environment, a terrorist organization that cannot learn will not be able to effectively adapt to new developments in intelligence gathering and law enforcement. But when a terrorist group can learn—and learn well it can act systematically to fulfill its needs, strengthen its capabilities, and advance its strategic agenda. The ability to learn allows a terrorist group to purposefully adapt to ever-evolving circumstances by

• Developing, improving, and employing new weapons or tactics that can enable it to change its capabilities over time
• Improving its members’ skills in applying current weapons or tactics...

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Trends in Outside Support for Insurgent Movements

The most useful forms of outside support for an insurgent movement include safe havens, financial support, political backing, and direct military assistance. Because states are able to provide all of these types of assistance, their support has had a profound impact on the effectiveness of many rebel movements since the end of the Cold War. However, state support is no longer the only, or indeed necessarily the most important, game in town. Diasporas have played a particularly important role in sustaining several strong insurgencies. More rarely, refugees, guerrilla groups, or other types of non-state supporters play a significant role in creating or sustaining an insurgency, offering fighters, training, or other forms of assistance. This report assesses post-Cold War trends in external support for insurgent movements. It describes the frequency that states, diasporas, refugees, and other non-state actors back guerrilla movements. It also assesses the motivations of these actors and which types of support matter most. This book concludes by assessing the implications for analysts of insurgent movements.

Additional Resource: Trends in Outside Support for Insurgent Movements

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The Honorable Jim Burnett Coroner, Spartanburg County

In a letter to this Office you referenced a provision in recently-enacted legislation, R-356, which states: (c)opies of death certificates may be issued to members of the deceased's family or their respective legal representatives. Others who demonstrate a direct and tangible interest may be issued copies when information is needed for the determination of a personal or property right. Other applicants may be provided with a statement that the death occurred, the date, and county of death. However, when fifty years have elapsed after the date of death, these records become public records and any person may obtain copies upon submission of an application containing sufficient information to locate the record. You stated that the Book of Inquisition maintained by your office contains the same information provided on death certificates in addition to autopsy results, results of toxicological studies, and the cause of death. You questioned whether the Book of Inquisition remains open in light of the provision cited above which generally restricts the availability...

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The Field Expedient Bleeding Simulation System

At times, casualty play is conducted to “monitor” the logistics needed to treat and evacuate casualties on the battlefield. Usually, live casualties are “tagged” in the field, verbally treated, and evacuated to see if logistically the equipment needed is in place. Units will “finger drill” these actions and often times receive high marks, giving leaders a false sense of security. They “believe” that when actual casualties are received, their Unit will be successful in treating and evacuating injured Soldiers from chaos. Why not create chaos and know for sure?? SKEDCO has trained multiple Army units with the FEBSSTM. We have found that even with the BEST medical personnel, errors are still made in a chaotic situation. The FEBSSTM allows you to create chaos physically through casualty simulation. Moreover, Medics are trained psychologically with the addition of the key element of chaos – BLOOD! With the simple addition of blood, unseasoned medical personnel get “tunnel vision” and panic...

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The Problem of the Blue-Collar Worker

The social and economic status of blue-collar workers has become a subject of increasing concern in the last few years. Recent reports have identified the economic insecurity and alienation which whites in this group have felt. What such reports have failed to note is that there are some two million minority-group males who are skilled or semi-skilled blue-collar workers who are full-time members of the work force and who share many of the same problems as whites in their income class. This nonwhite group also shares the same concern as white workers for law and order and other middle-class values. Many have moved from subemployment to low-income entry-level jobs, but they now feel blocked from further opportunity. In 1968, 34 percent of all minority-group families were in the $5,000 to $10,000 income category. Of course, on the average, most black families are still not anywhere as well off as white families: The median income of all Negro families was $5,590, that of all white families...

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Desoto County School District’s New Gang Policy

The Following Is A List Of Prohibited Gang Signs, Symbols, Signals, Words And Conduct Prohibited.

Notwithstanding, anything to the contrary contained herein, nothing contained herein prohibits the display of recognized religious symbols such as, the Star of David or the Crescent or the Cross unless these, or other religious symbols, are altered or augmented in some way. Further, nothing contained herein shall prohibit wearing of clothing of particular colors, in and of itself, unless the clothing (color or otherwise) is worn in combination with other prohibited gang signs or symbols. The wearing or displaying in any manner of gang names however is prohibited.

Prohibited “gang symbols” may include, any type of clothing decoration, jewelry, patches, bandanas, gang names, depiction of gang signs or symbols, and/or body signal/movement which is recognized as denoting a gang or is a sign, signal or movement utilized in connection with gang communications, including, but not limited to thuse appearing with the “Gang Awareness” pamphlet attached hereto as well as the additions thereto in the future. . School officials will keep a booklet containing known “gang symbols” in each...

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Competition and Truth in the Market for News

The political traditions, legal doctrine, and regulatory policy of the United States have all been heavily influenced by the proposition that competition in news markets promotes truth. In colonial America, the idea that truth would prevail in a competitive “marketplace of ideas” was “used continuously.... Puritans, printers, and politicians among others used the concept to justify their assaults on authority” (Smith, 1981). This proposition has been called “one of the earliest and most influential contributions to First Amendment doctrine” (Williams [2002] 2006, p. 627) and “one of the basic tenets of our national communications policy” (Federal Communications Commission, 2003). Allusions to it appear in 126 Supreme Court opinions (Hopkins, 1996) and in 87 policy documents of the Federal Communications Commission (Napoli, 1999). It has also been used as a central justification in the promotion of press freedom abroad (Islam, 2002). However, many have questioned whether press competition is so obviously beneficial. Increased market pressure is sometimes associated with...

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Deception And Dating: Knowledge Of Tactics May Improve Detection Accuracy

Abstract

Previous research on deception detection has indicated that a number of factors influence accuracy. It has been hypothesized that deception and the detection of deception is highly influenced by mating context. The current study investigated sex differences in the detection of deception used in typical human mating situations. Sixty-eight females were tested for deception detection using a video paradigm in which the actors either lied or told the truth. An accompanying survey was given that evaluated common deception tactics. Contrary to previous findings, female deception detection was not significantly above chance. However, knowledge of opposite gender tactics increased deception detection such that those females that were aware of common male tactics were superior at detecting deception. The results, which are preliminary, suggest that the evolutionary advantage females have over males may have a top-down cognitive origin such that knowledge of tactics may influence perceptual abilities.

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Reducing Accident Fatalities with Rural Mayday Systems

Abstract

Rural mayday systems have the potential of reducing the time between the occurrence of accidents and the notification of emergency medical services, called the accident notification time. Reductions in this time, in turn, may affect the numbers of fatalities. A statistical analysis is conducted to determine the quantitative relationship between fatalities and the accident notification tune. Using this relationship, the impact of rural mayday systems on fatalities is estimated. The economic benefits of fatality reduction are also derived.

Introduction

The National Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Program Plan [l] identifies rural mayday systems as a component of the Emergency Management user service bundle. Mayday systems address the concern for highway safety by facilitating requests for emergency services in the event of vehicle breakdowns or accidents. One aim of mayday systems is to improve the timely delivery of emergency medical services (EMS) by reducing the response time for rural vehicular accidents. As a result, mayday systems arc expected to have a positive impact on reducing accident fatalities.

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The State Of South Carolina In The Supreme Court Appellate Case No. 2012-212669

FACTUAL/PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND

Joe Perry, a reporter for The Item, a newspaper, sent a FOIA request to Harvin Bullock, the Sumter County Coroner, for the report of the autopsy performed on Aaron Leon Jacobs. Sumter County denied Perry's request on the basis that pursuant to the FOIA, the autopsy report is a "medical record" and is therefore by definition not a public record subject to disclosure.

Perry, along with Osteen Publishing Company, Inc. (collectively, Appellants), filed this declaratory judgment action against Bullock in his official capacity as Sumter County Coroner. Appellants sought injunctive relief, alleging the autopsy report is not a medical record and therefore must be disclosed pursuant to the FOIA. Appellants therefore requested production of the records and attorney's fees.

Bullock answered, asserting the records are exempt from the FOIA as medical records. He also asserted the records are subject to the authorization and consent provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–191, 110 Stat. 1936 (HIPAA) and...

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The Development Of Victimology

The second half of the twentieth century saw the development of social concern, protest, activism, intervention, legal, political, and social services reform, research, and teaching about victims of crime. In some countries, the victim movement became an important separate political force leading to substantial reforms in many fields. It is particularly in the Anglo-Saxon world that the movement began and flourished, expanding eventually to other parts of the world. In the United States, the victim movement began in the 1970s. The women’s movement, inspired by the civil rights movement, was one of its primary moving forces. Another was the social concern about the dramatic increase in crime rates in the United States. Conservatives and right-of-center activists and politicians pointed out that the system of constitutional protections in the United States favored the suspect and the convicted criminal while it trampled on the needs of the victims denying them minimal rights and consideration. Thus, focusing on the victims became a rallying cry for a more restrictive...

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